Tasks, structure and arrest notices.. Learn about the “Interpol” story in the face of crime | encyclopedia

Tasks, structure and arrest notices.. Learn about the “Interpol” story in the face of crime | encyclopedia
Tasks, structure and arrest notices.. Learn about the “Interpol” story in the face of crime | encyclopedia

On Thursday, November 25, 2021, all eyes will turn to the Turkish city of Istanbul, where the 89th General Assembly of the International Criminal Police Organization (Interpol) will elect a new president of the organization, his assistants and members of the Executive Committee.

These elections are taking place amid warnings issued by human rights organizations, politicians and officials about the possibility of an Emirati candidate accused of torture reaching the presidency of the organization.

The new candidates.. the controversy

The candidacy of Major General Ahmed Nasser Al Raisi, Inspector General of the UAE Ministry of Interior, sparked widespread controversy, due to accusations of torture, which sparked campaigns to warn of his access to this position.

And the newspaper “The Guardian” (The Guardian) said that two British citizens accuse Major General Al-Raisi of personally overseeing their torture, one of them an academic and the other a football fan, was arrested in Dubai for wearing the Qatar national team shirt during the Asian Nations Cup in early 2019.

And since last year, Raissi began a campaign to take over the presidency of the organization and to exclude his competitor, the only Czech candidate, Sarka Havrankova.

Yesterday, Tuesday, a demonstration was held in Besiktas Square in Istanbul to protest against the nomination of “Ben Chen”, deputy head of the International Cooperation Department in the Chinese Central Security Agency, to head the Interpol Executive Committee.

The demonstration – called by civil organizations for the Uighur minority – condemned China’s efforts, which they accused of exploiting such international institutions for practices that contradict human rights, freedom and democracy.

Origin and development

The official name of the organization is the International Criminal Police Organization (Interpol), and its official abbreviated name in English is (ICPO), meaning the initial letters of the phrase (International Criminal Police Organization).

Interpol has 195 members, making it the largest police organization in the world. The current headquarters of the General Secretariat is located in Lyon, France.

The official working languages ​​of INTERPOL are Spanish, English, Arabic and French.

1914: The first conference of the International Police was held in the French city of Monaco, where officers, jurists and judges from 24 countries met to discuss investigation and arrest procedures, document records of international criminals and the legal procedures regulating their extradition procedures.

– 1914: The organization has transformed with the passage of time into an internationally recognized independent organization, with internal institutions and regional offices, aiming to support the police forces in the world and provide information and training to prosecute criminals, in an era when crime has become cross-border.

The organization gives its president an honorary role, while its work is carried out by the Secretary-General, who is currently German Jürgen Stock, who was appointed for a second 5-year term in 2019.

1923: On the initiative of Johannes Schober, the Vienna police chief, the International Criminal Police Commission was established under his leadership, and Vienna was chosen as its headquarters, where the first bulletins of internationally wanted persons were issued.

The countries that participated in the conference in 1923 are: Austria, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Egypt, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Latvia, the Netherlands, Poland, Romania, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, the United States of America, Yugoslavia .

1926: The General Assembly in Berlin took the initiative to invite member states to establish communication offices within it, followed in the following year by a decision according to which national central offices were established.

1930: Offices and departments were established specialized in following up major cases such as forging passports and currencies, and documenting criminal records.

1932: After the death of Schober, a system for the position of Secretary-General was established, and Austrian Police Commissioner Oskar Dressler was the first Secretary-General of Interpol.

1935: The organization launched a network for secure international wireless communications.

1938: The organization witnessed a qualitative transformation when the Nazis took control of it, as many countries stopped participating in its activities, and lived a period of latency.

1942: The organization’s headquarters were moved to Berlin.

[1945:AftertheendofWorldWarIIBelgiumledeffortstorebuildtheorganizationagainandPariswaschosenasitsheadquartersand”Interpol”becameatelegramforthefirsttime

1949: The United Nations granted the organization consultative status.

1956: The name of the institution was changed to become the International Criminal Police Organization, instead of the International Criminal Police Commission, and a new basic law was adopted regulating its work as an independent institution that gets its funding from member countries and investments.

1971: The United Nations recognized Interpol as an international organization.

1989: Interpol moved the headquarters of its General Secretariat to Lyon, France.

2003: The Operations and Coordination Center was opened at the headquarters of the General Secretariat of INTERPOL, allowing the organization to work without interruption.

2004: He opened an INTERPOL liaison office at the United Nations headquarters in New York, and appointed its first special representative.

2009: The office of the official representative of the organization in the European Union was opened in Brussels.

October 2018: The French authorities opened an investigation into the disappearance of the Chinese, Ming Hongwei, the head of the agency, after his arrival in his country.

Hongwei submitted a sudden resignation from the presidency of the organization and was accused by the authorities in China of corruption, and the presidency of the organization remained vacant.

November 2018: The General Assembly held a meeting in Dubai to elect a president of the organization to succeed Hongri from among the two candidates, the South Korean acting president Kim Jong Yang and a senior employee of the Russian Interior Ministry, Alexander Prokopchuk.

– The elections resulted in the victory of South Korean Kim Jong Yang as the head of the organization for the next two years.

Executive Committee.. the supreme administrative body

INTERPOL has a General Assembly of delegates appointed by the governments of member states, which is INTERPOL’s supreme governing body, and meets annually to take important decisions relating to public policy, the necessary resources for international cooperation, working methods and finances.

The General Assembly also elects the members of the executive committee of the organization, and takes its decisions by a majority, and each country has one vote.

As for the Executive Committee – and the number of its members is 13 elected by the General Assembly – it meets 3 times per year to determine the organization’s policies and directions, and it is charged with supervising the implementation of the decisions of the General Assembly, scheduling its meetings, as well as monitoring the performance of the Secretary-General.

– The Executive Committee consists of a president who is chosen for a term of 4 years, 3 of his deputies are elected for a term of 3 years, and 9 delegates.

The General Secretariat.. Regional offices

The Secretariat has 7 regional offices in Argentina (Buenos Aires), Cameroon (Yaounde), Côte d’Ivoire (Abidjan), El Salvador (San Salvador), Kenya (Nairobi), Thailand (Bangkok), Zimbabwe (Harare), and two liaison offices. The United Nations and the European Union.

– It secures the connection of all member countries through what is known as the global system of police communications “I-24/7”. Countries use this secure network to communicate with other countries and the General Secretariat of INTERPOL.

– The General Secretariat provides to member countries a range of expertise and services through 19 police databases containing information on crimes and criminals (such as names, fingerprints and stolen passports), which countries can benefit from in real time.

It also provides support in investigations by analyzing forensic evidence, and helping to locate fugitives from justice around the world.

The expertise is allocated to support national efforts to combat crimes in 3 global areas that it considers the most urgent today, namely terrorism, cybercrime, and organized crime.

Officers working in each of these specialized crime areas manage a rich range of different activities with member countries, including investigation support, field operations, training and networking.

– Given the development and change of crimes, the organization’s secretariat looks to the future by researching international crimes and their trends and following up on the latest developments related to them.

International Criminal Police.. Missions and Objectives

INTERPOL is dedicated to preventing and combating crime by promoting cooperation and innovation in the police and security fields, according to the official INTERPOL website.

– INTERPOL’s vision is summed up in establishing a world in which the law is applied, through the necessary communication between the various police agencies in the world, in keeping with the development of crime, which in part has become cross-border.

– The most important crimes that INTERPOL is currently working to combat: criminal organizations and drugs, financial crime related to advanced technology, disturbing public security and terrorism, human trafficking, and the prosecution of fugitives from justice.

INTERPOL aims to support the police forces in the world by ensuring that they have access to the services necessary to perform their tasks, and it also provides specialized training for officers and investigators.

INTERPOL aims to facilitate international cooperation between police agencies even in the absence of diplomatic relations between specific countries.

It constantly strives to innovate in the police and security fields, and to ensure that police agencies around the world have the tools and services necessary for them to perform their tasks effectively.

The organization provides information and data that can be exchanged through secure communication channels, in order to facilitate the exchange and analysis of information, the implementation of operations, and the arrest of the largest possible number of criminals.

The organization’s basic law prohibits any movement or activity of a “political, military, religious or racial character”.

Determines the organization’s priorities and objectives for a period of 3 years.

INTERPOL notices.. 8 types

1946: The International Notice System was created when INTERPOL re-established itself after the Second World War in the Parisian suburb of Saint-Cloud.

INTERPOL Notices or INTERPOL Notices are an international alert distributed by INTERPOL to communicate information about crimes, offenders and threats by police in member states (or an authorized international entity) to their counterparts around the world.

The information released through the bulletins relates to individuals wanted for serious crimes, missing persons, unidentified bodies, potential threats, prison breaks, and the modus operandi of criminals.

There are 8 types of flyers, 7 of which are coded according to their function: red, blue, green, yellow, black, orange and purple.

Initially, the bulletins consisted of 6 bulletins coded in red, blue, green, yellow, black and purple.

Red: place request, arrest of a person wanted by a judicial authority or an international court with a view to his/her extradition, which is the most well-known notice and the closest instrument to an international arrest warrant.

Blue: identifying or obtaining information about a person of interest in a criminal investigation.

Green: To warn of someone’s criminal activities if that person is considered a potential threat to public safety.

Yellow: Locating a missing person or identifying a person unable to identify himself.

Black: to request information on unidentified bodies.

Orange: Added in 2004 to warn of an event, person, thing, or process that presents an imminent threat to people or property.

Purple: To provide information about the modus operandi, procedures, objects, devices, or hiding places used by criminals.

2005: INTERPOL-UN Security Council Special Notice (the eighth) was created at the latter’s request through Resolution 1617 to provide better tools to assist the Council in implementing its mandate regarding asset freezes, travel bans and arms embargoes targeting individuals and entities associated with Al Qaeda and the Taliban.

Notable Operations

May 2012: Turkey refused to hand over Iraqi Vice President Tariq al-Hashemi and the most prominent Sunni leaders in Iraq to the authorities of his country, which accuses him of being behind the killings, after the issuance of an international arrest warrant against him by Interpol. Al-Hashemi is being pursued with a number of his bodyguards on charges of killing 6 judges and a number of officials in Iraq.

– 2018: Interpol’s efforts contributed to the arrest of nearly 10,000 dangerous criminals, including 200 terrorists.

May 2021: Dubai Police announced the arrest of one of the most wanted persons of the British National Crime Agency, who belongs to an international organized crime syndicate engaged in drug trafficking, named Michael Maugan.

August 2021: Dubai Police arrested Raffaele Imperial, a leader in the Italian organized criminal gang “Camorra”, and is being pursued by the Italian authorities, on charges of involvement in the crimes of trafficking in narcotics and weapons across international borders.

 
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