The G-20 leaders affirmed their collective commitment to providing humanitarian assistance to the Afghan people and stressed the need to make humanitarian support for Afghanistan a priority at the current stage.
At the conclusion of an extraordinary meeting held on Tuesday in Rome, the leaders participating in the summit agreed that there is work to be done to prevent an economic collapse in Afghanistan.
And Italian Prime Minister Mario Draghi warned that a humanitarian catastrophe was about to occur in Afghanistan, especially with the approach of winter.
For his part, the Emir of the State of Qatar, Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani, called on the leaders of the group to adopt a practical approach towards the Afghan issue, in a speech before the G-20 summit.
The Emir of Qatar also called for a unified international position and a road map for the responsibilities and duties of the interim Afghan government.
Sheikh Tamim said that the international community bears great responsibilities towards Afghanistan, in the forefront of humanitarian and relief aid, reiterating his call to the interim Afghan government to achieve comprehensive national reconciliation and protect human rights.
In the same context, the White House affirmed that the United States remains committed to working closely with the international community and using diplomatic, humanitarian, and economic means to address the situation in Afghanistan and support the Afghan people.
The White House added that US President Joe Biden discussed with G-20 leaders the urgent need to maintain ongoing efforts to combat terrorism, including threats from the Islamic State, as well as ensure the safe passage of foreign nationals and Afghan partners seeking to leave Afghanistan.
He said the G-20 leaders reaffirmed their collective commitment to provide humanitarian assistance directly to the Afghan people through independent international organizations, and to promote the basic human rights of all Afghans, including women, girls and minorities.
During his video address at the meeting, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said that his country cannot handle new waves of refugees from Afghanistan.
For her part, the outgoing German Chancellor Angela Merkel said that the international community has nothing to gain if the financial system collapses in Afghanistan.
She added in a press conference on the sidelines of the summit that the goal of the international community should not be to stand by as 40 million people fall into chaos.
Merkel said that the issue of recognizing the Taliban is outside the agenda of the G-20 summit, stressing that her country will allocate 600 million euros in humanitarian aid to Afghanistan.
Meetings in Doha
In turn, US State Department spokesman Ned Price confirmed that the meetings held in Doha on Saturday and Sunday between an American delegation and representatives of the Afghan interim government were frank and largely positive.
Price said – in a press conference – that the focus of this meeting was on security issues and terrorism, on human rights, and on securing safe passage for Americans, foreigners and Afghan collaborators who wish to leave Afghanistan.
Price added that the United States will do what it must do to ensure that Afghanistan is not used again as a platform to launch attacks against it, stressing that the “Islamic State in Khorasan” constitutes a common threat to the Taliban, Washington and its partners.
On the other hand, the Afghan Interim Government said that the policy of pressure in Afghanistan did not succeed, and called on the international community to pursue interaction and cooperation.
Acting Afghan Foreign Minister Amir Khan Muttaki added – during a meeting in Doha with the ambassadors of the United States, the European Union and other Western countries – that weakening the Afghan government is not in anyone’s interest, and will have negative repercussions on the world, and called on the international community to lift sanctions on his country.
Al-Jazeera correspondent had reported that an extensive meeting was held in Doha, and brought together the delegations of the United States, Canada and Britain, representatives of the European Union, and the delegation of the interim Afghan government.
The Afghan government had announced, after meetings yesterday, Tuesday in Doha, that the German delegation expressed its desire to continue providing humanitarian assistance to Afghanistan.
Mutlaq Al-Qahtani, the Special Envoy of the Qatari Foreign Minister for Counter-Terrorism and Conflict Mediation, said that the Taliban movement is committed to combating terrorism and confronting ISIS, and that Afghanistan will not be a base for any foreign operations.
On the sidelines of the Global Security Forum, Al-Qahtani considered that it is in the interest of the Taliban to interact with others in Afghanistan, stressing that Qatar is not part of the internal discussions, but rather acts as a neutral mediator.
Al-Qahtani added that the meetings currently being held in Doha, between the delegation of the interim Afghan government and the delegations of the United States and European countries, constitute an opportunity to interact and reach consensus on the outstanding issues.