Russia is building a space locomotive that will transport the payload from one orbit to another, on the principle of the promising Russian spacecraft “Oryol” currently being designed.
This was stated in the annual report for the year 2020 prepared by the Russian space agency “Roskosmos”. The report said that “Roskosmos” plans to cooperate with the Russian Academy of Sciences and other scientific institutions and companies on preparing proposals and studying the technical aspects of realizing the Russian lunar program.
The order is intended to achieve a multi-component, phased scheme of manned and unmanned missions to the Moon using the heavy Angara A5V rocket.
In addition, Roscosmos is supposed to cooperate with the Academy of Sciences in the design of a light version of the Oriole spacecraft, the lunar take-off and landing platform, the design of the space locomotive and the development of the Breeze-M accelerator.
It is noteworthy that the Oryol spacecraft (formerly Federatsya) is being designed as part of the Russian lunar program. It is expected that the vehicle will achieve its first unmanned flight on December 15, 2023 from the Russian “Vostochny” spaceport. Oriole is also expected to make its first manned flight in 2025.