Poverty pushes some to sell their colleges due to the aggravation of the economic collapse – “The Times”

Poverty pushes some to sell their colleges due to the aggravation of the economic collapse – “The Times”
Poverty pushes some to sell their colleges due to the aggravation of the economic collapse – “The Times”
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The economic collapse in Lebanon has pushed a large number into extreme poverty

We begin our presentation to the British newspapers with a report in the newspaper “The Times” written by Archal Fuhra from the Lebanese capital Beirut entitled “Lebanese are forced to sell their colleges under the weight of the worsening economic crisis.” The Lebanese who complain about the hardship of living in light of the collapse of the economic situation.

The writer points out that there are more than one million Syrian refugees in Lebanon, and the economic collapse in the country has pushed a large number of people into extreme poverty, which has led to an increase in the illegal trade in human organs, and the writer adds that if they were not exposed to fraud and deception by Traffickers, it is expected that the donor will receive an amount ranging from 6 thousand to 10 thousand dollars for the sale of one kidney.

The writer met a woman named Naima Muhammad al-Ali, who said that her husband abandoned the family and that the camp they lived in was too unsafe to leave her daughters alone, which pressured her two teenage sons to earn money for the family, as she was afraid they would join a drug gang and be arrested or killed.

Naima told the “Times” newspaper that she heard, in a doctor’s office, other women talking about selling their kidneys to support their families, and she is now also looking for a buyer, and added to the newspaper that “I have no other choice.” Before the crisis, neighbors’ aid and charities were enough to support it, but this is no longer the case.

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Although Syrian refugees have long been inquiring about selling kidneys, most phone calls now come from poor Lebanese, says Farida Younan, coordinator with the National Authority for Donation and Transplantation of Human Organs and Tissue in Lebanon.

She told The Times that her response has always been that “selling organs is illegal,” although she sympathizes with their plight.

She said: “We all know about the economic and financial situation in Lebanon and the devaluation of the currency and its consequences for the middle class. The situation is the same for refugees.”

The future of girls’ education in Afghanistan faces uncertainty

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Girls’ education has been a hard struggle in Helmand Province, especially at the secondary level

We turn to the newspaper “The Guardian” and a report by writer Emma Graham-Harrison entitled “Mystery hangs over Helmand schools as the Taliban ban adult girls’ education.” The writer begins her report by describing the suffering of female teachers at the Malalai School in Lashkar Gah, the capital of Helmand province, and concern about their jobs in light of The number of female students halved.

The writer describes the school’s walls as riddled with bullet marks from the bitter fighting between the Taliban and government forces, as well as the windows shattered by the explosions, and adds that the workers have not been paid for two months.

Arezzo Sidi, a geography teacher, tells the newspaper that they are missing nearly half of the female students, as well as the uncertainty of the future of teachers’ jobs, as the Taliban have imposed a virtual ban on educating teenage girls, and girls have been ordered to stay at home.

These girls make up 1,600 of the 3,600 students at the Malalai school, and it is not clear if they will be allowed to return, or what will happen to the teachers’ jobs.

Teachers, mothers of students, say they will leave Afghanistan unless their daughters are allowed to attend school, despite their desire to stay in their home country and their jobs. One teacher, whose family fled Afghanistan the first time the Taliban came to power a generation ago, adds: “My daughter is in class. Eighth and still at home. If schools do not resume here, our family is ready to leave and go back to asylum again.”

The teacher, who asked the newspaper not to reveal her name, added: “A society without women is not a society. We need educated women to become professionals. Women need female doctors, they should not use a doctor when they are sick.”

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The writer says that there has been no official statement from the Taliban regarding plans for women’s education, although many of the movement’s officials have said that girls’ education at the secondary level will be resumed soon, but without any details about why the girls are staying at home, many Afghan women who lived During the Taliban’s rule in the 1990s, they were skeptical.

With some teachers trying to repair their homes damaged in heavy fighting, others have to find ways to support themselves after a long period without pay, especially as they want the international community, which has provided so much support to education in Afghanistan, to start their financial aid again.

Educating girls has always been an uphill struggle in Helmand province, especially at the secondary level, even though the UK has built 90 schools and spent tens of millions of pounds educating girls across the country.

The writer says in her report that the obstacles to girls’ education are insecurity, opposition to the Taliban, poverty, child marriage, and the lack of female teachers and schools. The years of war in Lashkar Gah and rural areas have destroyed a lot, as well as Taliban threats about girls’ education and militant attacks on female students in other areas. In the country that cast a shadow for a long time.

For some teachers at the Malalai school, the author adds, it is time to strive to expand education and recover from this troubled legacy.

Is Europe still a military power with influence?

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The writer says that only one country out of the 27 member states of the European Union, which is France, has a great military ambition (photo of French forces in Mali)

We turn to the Financial Times and a special report by Simon Cooper entitled “Europe will not and should not become a military power,” in which the writer talks about the need for the continent to exploit its power, from sanctions and diplomacy to soft power.

The author begins his report by noting the United States withdrew from Afghanistan without bothering to warn its allies, Australia’s cancellation of a submarine deal with France, and the conclusion of the “Ocos” defense agreement with its English-speaking friends.

The writer adds that only one of the 27 EU member states, France, has significant military ambition, despite having greater national pride as well as a defense industry. The other semi-serious military power in Europe, the United Kingdom, It has an entrenched aversion to allying with the EU about anything, meanwhile, practically a spectator’s seat Germany, which if it spends 2 per cent of its national income on defence, which it will not do, will soon have the most powerful army in Europe, which Nobody wants it. But the bigger question is what is the big European military goal?

The writer says the army’s main goal should be to deter attacks. Even after the global decline in interstate wars, Europe still faces one definite military threat, the Russian invasion of the Baltic states. In recent years, by ignoring most European countries, Russia and NATO have turned the region into a new military front on the continent.

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The author raises the question: Will the United States, the United Kingdom, France and Germany really fight a nuclear-armed adversary in a region where they have no existential interests? Russian President Vladimir Putin hasn’t invaded the Baltic states even when his friend, former US President Donald Trump, enabled him, but if he did, he’d like the idea of ​​Western forces getting involved there for years.

The other great danger that Europe faces is terrorism. But the West has already conducted a 20-year experiment in combating terrorism, and policing and electronic surveillance have forever outperformed wars.

“If European leaders had been able to act independently and offered to take over, the United States would be thrilled,” Max Bergman of the Center for American Progress wrote of Afghanistan. Why would Europe pursue America’s policy of disastrous foreign intervention? Europe’s attempt in Libya in 2011, as well as France’s eight-year mission in the African Sahel region, did not succeed well. Now France is looking to the Indo-Pacific, noting that it has more than 1.6 million people in its overseas possessions there.

Instead of focusing on using the sledgehammer, the writer says, Europe should use its most sophisticated toolset of sanctions, diplomacy, aid and arms negotiations.

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