The leaders of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) countries on Friday adopted the “Dushanbe Declaration” to mark the 20th anniversary of the organization’s founding.
In the declaration adopted at the conclusion of their summit held in the Tajik capital today, the “Shanghai Cooperation” countries expressed their commitment to the founding principles of the organization and pledged to continue developing relations between them in various fields.
The members of the organization stressed that it was established with the aim of strengthening mutual trust, friendship, good neighbors and cooperation in order to support and enhance regional peace, security and stability and to confront new challenges and threats, and it is not an alliance directed against any other countries or regions.
The Dushanbe Declaration indicated that the organization will continue to give priority in the field of ensuring regional security and stability to combating terrorism in all its forms, combating separatism, extremism, drug smuggling, weapons, ammunition, explosives and organized crime, in addition to ensuring international information security, strengthening border protection, combating illegal immigration, human trafficking and laundering. Money, corruption and economic crimes.
The “Dushanbe Declaration” includes an item on the situation in Afghanistan, where the “Taliban” movement has recently returned to power.
In this item, the OIC countries stressed the absence of any alternative to a political-diplomatic settlement based on international law for any conflict in the world, expressing their conviction that settling the crisis in Afghanistan as soon as possible is one of the most important factors for maintaining stability and security in the territory of the “Shanghai Cooperation”. and strengthening them.
The statement explained that the members of the organization support the establishment of Afghanistan as an independent, neutral, united, democratic and peaceful country free from terrorism, war and drugs.
In the document, the members of the organization stressed the paramount importance of forming an inclusive government in Afghanistan that will include representatives of all ethnic, sectarian and political groups in society, noting also the importance of activating international efforts aimed at helping Afghan refugees return to their homeland in a safe, dignified and lasting manner.
The Shanghai Cooperation Organization, which was established in 2001, includes Russia, China, India, Pakistan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan. Afghanistan, Belarus, Iran and Mongolia have the status of observer countries, while Azerbaijan, Armenia, Cambodia, Turkey, Sri Lanka and Nepal are the partner countries of the organization.