The term diabetes includes a number of disorders in the process of carbohydrate metabolism, i.e. catabolism and construction, and there are several types of diabetes depending on the amount of insulin that is produced, and type 1 and type 2 diabetes are the most well-known.
Type 2 diabetes is a chronic health condition that affects how the body converts food into energy.
Most of the food we eat is broken down into sugar (also called glucose), which is released into the bloodstream. When the blood sugar level rises, it indicates that the pancreas is secreting insulin.
A diet rich in fat, calories, and cholesterol increases a person’s risk of developing diabetes. A poor diet can lead to obesity (a risk factor for diabetes) and other health problems.
On the other hand, a healthy diet can not only reduce the risk of developing this condition, but can also lower blood sugar levels significantly. The focus is largely on food, but some drinks can be just as powerful in fighting high diabetes.
Several studies have found that black tea can help manage type 2 diabetes.
As part of the study, black tea and green tea were given to diabetic mice for three months. Besides inhibiting diabetic cataracts, tea has been found to have a blood sugar lowering effect.
“Black and green tea represent an inexpensive, non-toxic potential agent for lowering blood sugar,” the researchers wrote. “Tea may be a simple and inexpensive way to prevent or delay diabetes and ensure complications arise.”
According to studies, green tea consumption is associated with lower fasting glucose levels and lower glycosylated hemoglobin (A1C) test levels, as well as lower fasting insulin levels, which are a measure of diabetes health.
The researchers suggest that the antioxidant activity of polyphenols and polysaccharides, are the benefits that help manage blood glucose.
The same antioxidants are attributed to anti-cancer, cholesterol-lowering, blood pressure benefits and even hair-raising effects.
apple cider vinegar
A study conducted by researchers in collaboration with the American Diabetes Association examined apple cider vinegar to help improve insulin sensitivity after a high-carb meal.
The study included participants who were either insulin sensitive, insulin resistant or had type 2 diabetes.
Participants were randomly assigned to take either 20 mg of apple cider vinegar or a placebo drink after the meal.
Blood samples were collected when fasting and 30 and 60 minutes after a meal for glucose and insulin analysis.
Comparing with a placebo, the study found that taking vinegar increased whole-body insulin sensitivity during the post-meal period in people with insulin resistance and improved it in people with type 2 diabetes.
The researchers concluded that taking 20 mg of apple cider vinegar diluted in 40 mg of water could lower blood sugar after meals.
There are other factors that contribute to a healthy lifestyle that can reduce a person’s chance of developing this condition.
Experts mention five health-promoting factors to prevent type 2 diabetes, which include eating fresh vegetables regularly during the day and making time for physical activity every day, not smoking, minimizing alcohol intake and reducing any consumption of processed foods.
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