Sudanese demonstrations continue against the army’s seizure of power, led by General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, and the exclusion of civilian partners from the transitional process. Meanwhile, the African Union announced in a statement on Wednesday that it had suspended Khartoum’s membership until the return of the transitional authorities led by civilians. He called for the full and unconditional release of all detainees, including ministers and other civilian officials.
For the third day, continue The Sudanese their protests against the decisions Army Commander Abdel Fattah Al-Burhan Which overthrew the civilian partners in the transitional process of government, while the authorities announced the reopening of Khartoum Airport on Wednesday afternoon.
And after voices in the world rose during the last hours to demand the immediate release of the dismissed Prime Minister Abdullah HamdoukOn Tuesday, his office announced that he had returned to his home after he was detained in an unknown location with his wife, and that he was “under heavy guard.” But he pointed out that “a number of ministers and political leaders are still being detained in unknown locations.”
Khaled Al-Gharabli on Sudan
On Wednesday, the Sudanese police tried to remove the obstacles set up by the demonstrators from Al-Sitteen Street, one of the most prominent streets in the east of the capital, and carried out a campaign of arrests that included a number of young people who were in the place, according to a photographer for Agence France-Presse.
On Tuesday evening, Sudanese police fired tear gas at demonstrators in the Bahri area, east of Khartoum, in an attempt to disperse them and remove obstacles from the streets.
The Central Committee of Sudanese Doctors, which led the protests against ousted President Omar al-Bashir, announced on Facebook the killing of four “revolutionaries”, during the protests.
The African Union suspends Khartoum’s membership
For its part, the African Union announced on Wednesday that it had suspended Sudan’s participation in all activities until the return of the transitional authority to the country led by civilians.
He explained in a statement that the suspension will continue “until the actual restoration of the transitional authorities led by civilians,” which were dissolved following a coup carried out by the military.
The Union “strongly condemned the Sudanese army’s seizure of power (…) and the dissolution of the transitional government and its complete rejection of the unconstitutional change of government,” which it considered “unacceptable” and “an insult to the common values and democratic standards of the African Union.”
The union said it “welcomes the release of Prime Minister” Abdullah Hamdouk, who was arrested on Monday morning by military personnel and released on Tuesday evening, and “called for the full and unconditional release of all detainees, including ministers and other civilian officials.”
The release of Abdullah Hamdouk
The union also announced the dispatch of “a mission to Sudan to negotiate with all parties with the aim of finding an amicable solution to the current political impasse.”
These decisions were taken during Tuesday’s meeting of the Peace and Security Council in charge of conflict and security matters in the African Union.
The African Union had previously suspended Sudan’s membership in June 2019, after the fall of Omar al-Bashir, before returning it three months later, after Abdallah Hamdok announced the formation of a new government.
World Bank suspends aid to Sudan
On Wednesday, the World Bank announced the suspension of its aid to Sudan. The head of this financial institution, David Malpass, said in a written announcement that “the World Bank Group suspended on Monday the disbursement of all its operations in Sudan and stopped deciding on any new operation at a time when we are closely monitoring and evaluating the situation.” The World Bank was particularly involved in Sudan’s debt relief mechanism.
The Security Council also held an emergency closed-door session on Tuesday at the request of the United Kingdom, Ireland, Norway, the United States, Estonia and France, and diplomats said talks to come up with a joint declaration were still ongoing. A diplomat, who asked not to be identified, suggested adopting the text of a declaration denouncing the coup.
Resumption of work at Khartoum airport
On the other hand, Director of Civil Aviation Ibrahim Adlan announced the resumption of work at Khartoum Airport on Wednesday at 16:00 (14:00 GMT). On Tuesday, the authorities decided to suspend all flights to and from the country until the end of this month due to the unrest.
In a televised speech on Tuesday, Al-Burhan acknowledged that the security authorities had arrested some politicians and ministers. “It is true that we have arrested some, not all politicians or all ministers, but everyone we suspect has an impact on national security,” he said.
Al-Burhan affirmed that the military “is committed to completing the transition with civilian participation,” noting that the Sovereignty Council “will be as it is in the constitutional document, but with real representation from the regions of Sudan.”
A general closure in the Sudanese capital amid a cautious calm
Ambassadors reject the coup
The official page of the Sudanese Ministry of Culture and Information, whose minister was arrested, and whose team appears to be anti-coup, published a statement on its Facebook account on Tuesday stating that the Sudanese ambassadors in France, Belgium and Switzerland refused to announce the coup.
The army had assumed power after it overthrew in April 2019 the Bashir regime, who ruled Sudan for more than 30 years with an iron fist, after a massive popular uprising that lasted for months. But the popular protests continued, demanding civil authority, and were interspersed with disturbances and the violent dispersal of a sit-in, during which there were deaths and injuries.
In August 2019, the military and civilians of the Forces of Freedom and Change coalition that led the protests signed a power-sharing agreement that provided for a three-year transitional period that was later extended. Under the agreement, an executive authority was formed from both parties (a Sovereignty Council headed by a military, and a government headed by a civilian), provided that the rule is handed over to a civilian authority following free elections at the end of the transitional period.
A coup attempt took place in September that was thwarted, but officials said that there was a major crisis at the level of authority, after which divisions within the authority emerged into the open, especially between the military and civilians.