On the 23rd of October of each year, the world celebrates the International Day of Rheumatism, and it means in Latin “the thing that moves or runs.” It was first discovered by the French doctor, Guillaume de Bayeux, and appeared for the first time in the forties of the twentieth century.
Rheumatism is one of the most common joint diseases among people, and the disease classification includes more than 120 categories, called “rheumatic patients”, most notably patients with systemic connective tissue, vascular infections, vertebrae disorders, and arthritis associated with infectious diseases or genetic diseases.
Statistics indicate that there are at least about 30% of the total population of any country suffering from diseases related to rheumatism, and that 20% resort to medical advice, and that the percentage of diseases related to the disease increases with age, while the cost of treating these diseases, for example in the United States, is about $193 billion annually.
Symptoms and diagnosis
Symptoms are fatigue, pain and swelling in several joints, usually in the same joints on both sides of the body (both arms or both feet), in addition to problems with other organs such as the eyes and lungs, the appearance of lumps called rheumatic nodules, and joint stiffness, especially in the morning .
Other common symptoms
Common symptoms include loss of joint mobility, inability to walk straight if the joints of the feet are injured, deformity in the shape of the affected joints, in addition to an increased risk of anemia, high body temperature, and finally a decline in health status and an increased risk of depression.
The disease can be diagnosed, when you undergo a medical examination, and do not forget to tell your doctor your health history, and genetic diseases that affected your first-degree relatives. After that, the doctor may take x-rays and samples of joint fluid, and he will do blood tests to look for various signs of inflammation, and these procedures include :
Antinuclear antibody (ANA) tests, anti-cyclic citrullinated peptides (anti-CCP) tests, and complete blood count.
Tests for C-reactive protein (CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (erythrocyte sedimentation rate), and rheumatoid factor (RF) cannot also be neglected.
Methods of prevention
There are several ways to prevent rheumatism, is to drink plenty of water, it absorbs shock in the joints, and add dairy products, vegetables, cheese, legumes and fish to your daily diet.
Also, fruits that contain vitamin C and vitamin D are of paramount importance for prevention, such as oranges, etc., in addition to exposure to sunlight on a daily basis, and eating beef from time to time, and you should consult your doctor about the appropriate regime and quantities for you.
And you have to maintain your body by preventing obesity, because excess weight means more burden on the joints, and exercise is an important factor in resisting arthritis.
Finally, you have to quit smoking, because nicotine causes weak bones, and quitting reduces the chances of developing rheumatism.