Egypt, Greece and Cyprus unite in condemning Turkish naval moves | DW Arabic news | Breaking news and perspectives from around the world | DW

Egypt, Greece and Cyprus unite in condemning Turkish naval moves | DW Arabic news | Breaking news and perspectives from around the world | DW
Egypt, Greece and Cyprus unite in condemning Turkish naval moves | DW Arabic news | Breaking news and perspectives from around the world | DW

A joint statement issued today, Tuesday (October 19, 2021), quoted Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi, Cypriot President Nicos Anastasiades and Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis as saying that Turkey must refrain from “provocations and unilateral actions that violate international law.”

The three leaders met in Athens today, which is the ninth summit of the three Mediterranean countries since 2014. The issue of stability in the region has been at the forefront of the summit’s agenda for years, in addition to the issues of energy and migration.

And what is seen as a reference to TurkeyThe three leaders emphasized that their cooperation is open to anyone who wishes to respect international policies.

Meanwhile, the leaders of Greece, Egypt and Cyprus condemned the “continued Turkish violations of Greek airspace” and illegal activities in the so-called special economic zones of Greece and Cyprus.

Agreement on the transmission of electricity

On Tuesday in Athens, Egypt, Greece and Cyprus signed an agreement on the transmission of electricity within the framework of strengthening cooperation in the field of energy between countries located in the eastern Mediterranean.

Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis indicated, after signing the memorandum of understanding with Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi and Cypriot President Nicos Anastasiades, that the agreement “is about establishing a link between our countries for the transmission of electricity.” Mitsotakis stressed that “in a time of diversification of energy sources, Egypt can become a source of electric current that will be mainly produced by the sun, and Greece will become a distribution station towards Europe.”

For his part, the Egyptian President stressed that “the aim of this agreement is to enhance cooperation in the field of energy,” and stressed “the importance of signing a memorandum of understanding on the three-party electrical interconnection.”

According to a joint statement, “this link enhances cooperation and energy security not only between the three countries, but also with Europe” and “will be a means of transmitting large amounts of electricity to and from the eastern Mediterranean.”

The three member states of the East Mediterranean Gas Forum, along with six other countries, including France, Italy, Israel and Jordan, also expressed their “intention to enhance their cooperation in the exploration and transportation of natural gas, which is a catalyst for stability in the region.”

Energy cooperation between countries in the eastern Mediterranean displeases neighboring Turkey, which wants to exploit the region’s oil and natural gas reserves.

“Unfortunately, Ankara does not understand the messages of the times, and it is clear that its aspirations at the expense of its neighbors constitute a threat to peace in the region,” the Greek prime minister said.

Relations between Greece and Turkey have traditionally been tense, with tension reaching a peak in the summer of 2020 over gas fields in the eastern Mediterranean. Relations are also tense between Cyprus and Ankara, especially against the backdrop of Turkey’s decades-old occupation of part of the north of the island.

KS/FI (AFP, DBA)

  • The most important gas pipelines in the eastern Mediterranean region

    1- Qatar-Turkey gas pipeline

    Qatar has the third largest gas reserves in the world (about 14 percent of global reserves) and Qatar intends to transport gas to Turkey via a pipeline that passes through Saudi Arabia and Syria, and from there to Turkey, which will distribute it to Europe.

  • The most important gas pipelines in the eastern Mediterranean region

    1- Qatar-Turkey gas pipeline

    The importance of this line is due to the fact that Russia will not become the only gas source for Europe. Many experts and analysts link the recent Gulf crisis with Qatar to its colossal gas wealth.

  • The most important gas pipelines in the eastern Mediterranean region

    2 – Eastern Mediterranean gas pipeline

    It was initially established to transport Egyptian natural gas from El-Arish in Egypt to Ashkelon in Israel within Egyptian and then Israeli territorial waters in the Mediterranean with a length of 100 km. Israel was receiving Egyptian gas at preferential prices. The line was subjected to dozens of sabotage operations, which cost Egypt huge sums.

  • The most important gas pipelines in the eastern Mediterranean region

    2- East Mediterranean Company gas line

    But the Israeli companies Delek Drilling, Noble Energy (based in Texas) and Egyptian East Gas announced that they had reached an agreement to buy a 39 percent stake in the East Mediterranean Gas Company for $518 million, a deal that would enable Israel to supply 64 billion cubic meters of gas to Egypt over a period of ten years. Years of the Israeli offshore Tamar and Leviathan fields within the framework of the export agreement previously signed between the two countries.

  • The most important gas pipelines in the eastern Mediterranean region

    3- The Israeli-European pipeline

    European governments and the Government of Israel announced their support for the construction of a pipeline project in the Mediterranean to transport natural gas from Israel to Europe and set a target date for its completion in 2025. The pipeline, which extends for a distance of 200 km, aims to connect gas fields off the coasts of Israel and Cyprus with Greece and possibly Italy, at a cost of up to six billions of euros ($6.4 billion).

  • The most important gas pipelines in the eastern Mediterranean region

    4 – Egyptian – Cypriot gas pipeline

    Cyprus and Egypt signed an agreement paving the way for the construction of the first underwater pipeline in the Mediterranean Sea to transport natural gas from Cyprus to Egyptian lands to liquefy it in Egyptian ports in preparation for re-exporting it to Europe. According to the agreement, gas will be transferred from the Cypriot “Aphrodite” field to Egypt, which opens the door to attracting billions of dollars in infrastructure investments.

  • The most important gas pipelines in the eastern Mediterranean region

    5 – The Jordanian-Israeli gas pipeline

    The Jordanian National Electric Power Company and the Ministry of Energy signed an agreement with Israel and the Noble Energy Company for Oman to import Israeli gas extracted from the Leviathan field. The pipeline is scheduled to be about 64 kilometers long, to start receiving the first batches of Israeli gas by the end of 2019 and for a period of 15 years.

  • The most important gas pipelines in the eastern Mediterranean region

    Infographic of natural gas lines in the region

    The infographic shows the most important natural gas pipelines in the eastern Mediterranean, some of which are already operating and others are under construction. With the increase in the number of natural gas discoveries in the region, its importance and impact on political and economic relations between countries increased.

 
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