The Orionid meteor shower reaches its peak this year from midnight on Wednesday, October 20, and during the hours before sunrise on Thursday, October 21, and this year the moon will be in the full moon phase, which means that its light will cover the sky throughout the night in conjunction with the peak of the Orionite meteor shower.
The globe passes at this time of the year through the meteorite bodies scattered along the orbit of Comet Halley, the source of these meteors, which strike the Earth’s atmosphere and burn at an altitude of about 70 to 100 kilometers, and appear to us in the form of meteors and have no effect on our planet.
The Astronomical Society in Jeddah revealed in a report that the orchid meteors are active annually during the period from October 2 to November 7, and they are not among the strong meteor showers, and they are not known to produce meteor storms, usually from a dark location in a year when the moon is not present in the night sky, In ideal weather conditions, 10 to 20 meteors per hour can be seen at their peak, but during this year 2021 it is unlikely to see many of them, of course there is always an element of potential surprise when it comes to meteor showers, but there are no expectations to see many of these meteors with the presence of the moon .
Orionids meteors are known as very fast meteors, as they rush into the atmosphere at a speed of 66 kilometers per second. Exceptionally broken into pieces.
The point of radiation of the Orionites meteors is found in the direction of the stars of Orion or Gemini, which are monitored high in the sky on the southeastern horizon at midnight during the month of October, hence the name of these meteors.
The stars of Orion (Gemini) are considered one of the easiest constellations that can be identified, as it includes three stars on one line of medium brightness representing the belt of Orion and the brightest star in the Sirius sky located to the south of the stars of Orion.
The observer does not have to look directly towards the stars of Orion to see the meteors that can appear from all directions throughout the sky, but when tracing the path of the meteors, he will notice that they start from the northern location of the star Betelgeuse.
It is worth noting that Comet Halley – the source of the Orion meteors – is expected to be its next approach to the Sun (perihelion) in July 2061.