Dialogue- Muhammad Sami:
48 years since the many successive successes achieved by the Air Force in the October War of 1973, starting with the air strike that confused the enemy and made him lose his balance, in the first hours of the war until October 14, the enemy thought trying to realize his illusions, by directing his striking force, towards the air bases And the airports in the Delta region, so he was surprised by what he did not imagine, when the Egyptian Air Eagles confronted him with skill and ably in a direct confrontation, between what our Air Force possesses, from planes that are less advanced and efficient than the enemy, in a battle that lasted for more than 50 minutes, as the longest air battle in the History of Modern Wars.
More than one hundred and fifty planes from both sides participated in the battle, in which the enemy lost eighteen planes, and the rest of his planes had no choice but to throw their cargo into the sea and flee.
The Air Force received great attention from the General Command of the Armed Forces, which was reflected in the level of armament and providing it with the latest aircraft to contribute to carrying out its work, to which the war on terrorism was added.
Masrawy met the Commander of the Air Force on the 48th anniversary of the Air Force Day, and to the text of the dialogue..
– The Egyptian Air Force is the first air force in the Middle East and North Africa.. We want you to shed light on the emergence of the Egyptian Air Force?
In 1928, at the request of the Egyptian Parliament to the Egyptian government to establish an air force by a royal decree, a contract was made to supply Egypt with ten Tigermouth planes by shipping them to the port of Alexandria, but the Egyptian will refuses to bring a plane led by Egyptian pilots, and that was on November 2, 1932 in An official opening at Almaza Airport with a primary mission of combating smuggling across the desert, border control and aerial photography.
– What are the foundations and considerations upon which the development of the Air Force is based?
The development of the Air Force is one of the procedures that need long-term planning because it is affected by a number of factors and considerations, including international and regional variables in the region and their impact on Egyptian and Arab national security, the nature and size of hostilities and threats facing the state and developments that occur to it, and the nature and size of future tasks of the Air Force, The state’s economic position also affects the development of the Air Force directly and, finally, the political conditions that the state is going through, whether at the regional or international level.
The first: achieving qualitative and quantitative superiority, or at least the ability to inflict losses on the enemy that is unacceptable to him.
Second: Achieving the effectiveness of the Air Force to carry out all the tasks assigned to it.
– Egypt is keen to develop its military capabilities in all branches and specializations and to introduce the latest combat and technical systems. Various models have been contracted in light of the policy adopted to diversify the sources of weapons. Please clarify the types and models that have joined our air forces recently?
Within the framework of the keenness of the General Command of the Armed Forces to constantly update the capabilities and capabilities of the Air Force, due to its vital role in the Egyptian defense system, the Air Force has been supported by many modern models, and from multiple sources according to Egypt’s strategy in diversifying the sources of arms, and in this field, Egypt obtained The multi-role aircraft (Rafale – MiG-29), which is one of the latest fourth-generation aircraft, because of its armament systems and high technical and combat capabilities. The Air Force has also been supported by a large number of armed Kamov attack helicopters, and a number of armed unmanned guided aircraft systems And (Casa-Ilyushin 76) transport aircraft, in addition to managing all types of missiles, ammunition, technical and ground assistance for aircraft, in line with our requirements, so that we have an integrated system of the latest multi-tasking aircraft, transport, early warning, reconnaissance, attack and armed helicopters, and public service from different countries of the world.
– How are Air Force fighters prepared and qualified, as well as Air College students, to deal in light of the continuous progress in global armament technology and modern systems?
Training is the effective element in developing operations plans and the idea of use to achieve the tasks of the Air Force. The development of training in the Air Force takes place in several stages, starting with the Air College, which is the cornerstone for pumping new blood from pilots and airmen into the ranks of the Air Force. The Air College uses the latest methods, laboratories and simulators Aviation with the aim of developing the educational process and teaching the latest curricula in the world. This is done in the knowledge wing within the college, in which students receive lectures and theoretical curricula, as well as the presence of simulators for the latest training aircraft in the world and radar approach simulators to keep pace with the accelerating technology, and also the student is prepared psychologically and physically by specialists and the latest devices And equipment to achieve the highest performance rates required by aviation in the various stages within the college, and after graduation to work within the formations.
We also established the Helicopter Flight Teachers School that allows the flight instructors of the helicopter department to be a qualified flight instructor, a graduate of the Flight Teachers School. The college also won the first place in the education quality competition, as well as accrediting the college in the field of quality and obtaining 5 ISO certified certificates in the field of quality ISO 9001 in quality system management, ISO 14001 environmental system, ISO 45001 for occupational safety and health, ISO 22000 in food safety, and ISO 21001 quality management systems for educational facilities.
To complement the training and qualification system, comes the Institute of Air War Studies, which is comparable to the best air war institutes in the world to qualify officers in various disciplines, as well as centers for preparing technicians to qualify and prepare technical cadres at a high level of competence to deal with modern aircraft and equipment, in addition to the specialized qualification that takes place within the formations. For training in modern martial arts in light of the tremendous progress of aircraft and advanced armament systems.
– People’s progress is measured by the extent to which they possess an integrated system of human and technical energies.. How is this translated into the air force?
In the field of technical insurance, the Air Force has a technical work system that guarantees it to maintain the technical insurance for aircraft and equipment in the Air Force, so that the technical insurance bodies in the Air Force work through the integrated management of planning activities, technical insurance, research and technical developments according to a system of comprehensive quality by providing integrated technical support for all models Air Force aircraft from (aircraft overhaul – technical life extension – major and medium repair and extended techniques – manufacture of parts and calibration of test devices) with continuous development to increase their combat capabilities and providing them with modern navigation and radar devices to match the latest combat aircraft, in addition to participating with the rest of the Air Force’s devices in The stages of management, modernization and development of air equipment and armament systems, while achieving permanent and continuous combat readiness with high efficiency during operations.
In the field of engineering insurance, the insurance business of the Air Force is represented in preparing the theater of operations to ensure the continuation of the training and work of the Air Force in peace and war, and its protection during its stationing and deployment. Or the destruction of air bases and airports, and these works consist in constructing and raising the efficiency of corridors, dams, and maintenance hangars for aircraft and equipment, in addition to administrative facilities.
In the field of medical insurance, the Air Force provides comprehensive medical care for officers, non-commissioned officers and soldiers, as well as conducting medical examinations for new students applying to join the Air College.
Medical care is provided by highly qualified specialist doctors using the latest medical devices in all specialties, as well as administrative and nursing staff at a distinguished technical and administrative level. The Institute of Aeronautics and Space Medicine conducts physiological training for pilots to improve their physiological performance.
The Institute carries out some test tasks for students applying to join the Air College with the latest devices dedicated to this, such as centrifuges, flight simulators and low pressure chambers to select the best elements capable of carrying out the required tasks.
– Many brotherly and friendly countries have been keen to conduct joint air exercises to benefit from the high combat experience of the Air Force fighters, so what are the aspects of benefiting from those exercises?
As a result of raising the combat capabilities and arming the Air Force with the latest combat equipment, the brotherly and friendly countries sought to carry out joint exercises inside or outside the borders of the country, some of which were carried out in simultaneous times and included various military schools in a way that confirms the ability of the Air Force to implement any training with high combat skill and efficiency, including training Common with sister countries (Faisal with the Saudi side – Ain Jalut with the Jordanian side – Yarmouk with the Kuwaiti side – Zayed with the UAE side) and friendly countries such as the Bright Star training with the American, British, French and Italian side – Cleopatra with the French side – Medusa with the Greek side) and in The framework of these exercises is benefiting from the exchange of experiences and various fighting skills, which increases our combat capabilities in various directions. And implementing the management of hostilities to come up with the lessons learned and circulate them to the Air Force, and our Air Force has always been the focus of attention The participating countries are appreciated, and this was evident in the desire of many countries to participate in these exercises to transfer Egyptian expertise to them.
– The war on terrorism is a new task added to the shoulders of our air forces, so what is the role of the air forces in this war?
Within the framework of the political leadership’s keenness to continue the war on terrorism until its roots are uprooted, and its constant affirmation that confronting terrorism with a body and force has become a duty at all levels and through a comprehensive strategy, and from this logic, the war on terrorism has become one of the new tasks that the Air Force has been entrusted with participation With the branches of the armed forces, which included flights to attack terrorist outposts and thwart many cross-border infiltration and smuggling operations on various strategic directions. This role was evident during Operation Martyr’s Right in Sinai, and due to the escalation of threats affecting Egyptian national security, the Air Force carried out operations outside The state’s borders when it struck ISIS strongholds in Libya and participated in the Arab coalition in Operation Decisive Storm and Restore Hope, and the Air Force is still carrying out its tasks in eliminating terrorism inside and outside the borders of the country around the clock.
– The Air Force has many tasks in various fields, including serving civil society. Please shed light on these tasks?
The Air Force plays an important role in the interest of state agencies and the civil sector because of its ability to react quickly in the face of natural disasters, so it is always at the forefront of agencies that initiate rapid intervention in the face of natural disasters, reconnaissance of afflicted and isolated areas to determine the size of losses, implement evacuation work for the wounded and the injured and rapid transport. The supply of relief materials for the affected, as well as firefighting by helicopters, and monitoring of our beaches and territorial waters from pollution resulting from ships. Our Air Force also participates with its aircraft in the field of search and rescue, flying ambulance, medical evacuation and combating narcotic crops. There is full coordination between the Ministry of Interior (Drug Control Department) and the Air Force, in cooperation with the forces of The border guards, as well as the implementation of photogrammetry projects for the benefit of state agencies and ministries necessary for agricultural development / urban planning / transport and roads, and the air force transports relief materials to countries affected by natural disasters.
– How did the Air Force confront the emerging corona virus and the ways it took to limit the spread of the virus among its citizens?
The new Corona virus has become the biggest threat facing all countries in the world, and the Air Force within the armed forces system has taken serious steps since the beginning of the virus’s emergence to limit its spread and take all precautionary measures to prevent its spread in all Air Force units with many measures to preserve the individual fighter and from The most prominent of these measures is to raise awareness among (officers – students – other ranks) of the danger of complacency in taking precautionary measures, signing a medical examination for all Air Force fighters before entering their units, and providing isolation places equipped with all Air Force units, and hospitals are equipped to be able To provide the necessary medical care for the cases that are discovered.
What services does the Air Force provide for its children from the families of the martyrs (officers – non-commissioned officers – soldiers)?
The Air Force has established a special system for the families of the martyrs to achieve continuous communication with them and provide them with assistance in all different fields within the armed forces or in the civil sector. Membership cards for (the Air Force House – Armed Forces Clubs), and it also nominates the families of the martyrs to perform the Hajj and Umrah rituals within the mission of the Department of Morale Affairs.
A word addressed to the men of the Air Force, the armed forces and the people of Egypt?
I thank the men of the Air Force, including non-commissioned officers and soldiers of various specialties, for their efforts and sincerity in carrying out the tasks assigned to them, wishing them continued success and continuing to exert effort and giving to complete the journey of the former Air Force men who sacrificed for the homeland with all their precious and precious and made unforgettable championships in history, and I recommend them By continuing to maintain the high combat efficiency of aircraft and equipment, full vigilance and a high awareness of the developments in the stage that our beloved country Egypt is going through, to be ready around the clock, to carry out the tasks entrusted to you by the General Command of the Armed Forces with efficiency, professionalism and determination. Pride and trust in God is a message of reassurance that the Air Force is officers, non-commissioned officers and soldiers ready to sacrifice the most precious and precious, and ready to provide for the capabilities of our beloved Egypt.