The Bahr al-Baqar water treatment plant has put Egypt on the global map to find alternative sources to meet water challenges, and reduce the gap between the available limited resources.
A few days ago, Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah El-Sisi inaugurated the Bahr Al-Baqar water treatment plant, which is the largest of its kind in the world, and the project cost is 20 billion pounds, while its production capacity is 5.6 million cubic meters per day of treated water. The project aims, according to the Minister of Irrigation, Dr. Mohamed Abdel-Aty, to treat the salinity of agricultural wastewater, prevent sea water from interfering with groundwater, and improve the environment in the eastern delta.
According to the former Minister of Irrigation, Dr. Mohamed Nasr Allam, said that the Bahr al-Baqar drain had industrial pollution, as well as sewage pollution, and the goal was to mix its water with the waters of the Nile River and deliver it to Sinai through the Salam Canal, noting that as a result of the severity of the pollution, the government could not previously implement the project, and it was approved On the waters of the Nile in the cultivation of some lands in Sinai.
Allam stressed that Egypt is one of the leading countries in the treatment of agricultural drainage around the world, explaining that the barrages built for the Bahr al-Baqar Bank project will have returns and benefits. And Allam enumerated these benefits by the passage of water over the canals as a bridge, while the most important benefit is to control the water used by farmers.
Regarding the impact of this plant on increasing the cultivated area in Egypt, Allam indicated that it will increase it, of course, but in limited quantities, given that the quantities of water are also limited. He stressed that Egypt is currently working to increase the water balance through two means, the development of modern irrigation methods or the methods of advanced surface irrigation, because modern irrigation is drip irrigation or sprinkler, while the developed surface irrigation is water control..
In turn, the professor of geology and water resources in Egypt, Dr. Abbas Sharaki, that the increase in population density prompted the Egyptian state to think about how to overcome the problem of water deficit and food security, by reusing water, explaining that a major part of the amount of water used is through reusing it twice or more, through agricultural drainage water, In addition to the method of immersion irrigation in the valley and delta. He added: “Sometimes, some wastewater was poured into the Nile directly without treatment, which is dangerous due to its pollution. Therefore, the current treatment is important to mix it with the Nile water if it is used in agriculture.”
Regarding other alternative water sources, he pointed to the use of wastewater in huge quantities, especially with the opening of the Hammam plant after six months to treat wastewater, and greenhouse projects, and the one and a half million feddan project that depends on groundwater, rainwater in the northern coast, and the implementation of dams in the desert. lining canals.
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