The problem of chronic sinusitis, or chronic obstruction of the nose, is one of the problems that trouble a large number of citizens around the world, as it is accompanied by many problems related to head pain, problems with deep sleep, breathing, and others.
Sinusitis suffers from a very large proportion of people in the world, as studies have confirmed that only 11% of citizens in America suffer from the problem of chronic sinusitis, but new research revealed a strange link between this problem and the brain.
A team of scientists at the University of Washington carried out new research on this problem based on a group of patients in hospitals in addition to based on data from the human medical project “Connectome”, in order to find people with this problem and people under continuous medical observation, where data taken from Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scans to compare blood flow and nerve cell activity in the brain.
A brain problem simultaneous with the sinus problem
This is the first study to link chronic sinusitis to neurobiological change, said Aria Jafari, an otolaryngologist from the University of Washington, who was on the research team.
According to the study published in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, researchers discovered lower functional connectivity in people with this problem in the brain’s frontal parietal network (used for attention and problem solving), and higher functional connectivity in the default mode network (related to self-signaling). mind wandering), and less functional connectivity in the salience network (which manages external stimuli, communication, and social behavior).
Are patients’ cognitive abilities affected?
But the researchers noted that the small sample of the study who had chronic rhinosinusitis did not show any noticeable signs of cognitive decline during the tests.
The researchers speculated that this could be because they are only from a group of 22-35 years old, but the researchers believe that “this type of decline may occur later in life, which is something a longitudinal study may be able to detect,” according to “sciencealert”.
In turn, Kristina Simonyan, an otolaryngologist, from Harvard University, said: “Subjective feelings of attention decline in patients, and the difficulties with concentration or sleep disturbances experienced by a person with sinusitis may be associated with small changes in how the areas of the brain that control sinus communicate. These functions intertwine with each other.
The team of scientists who carried out the study hope that this link may help explain some of the other common effects of this problem, especially difficulties concentrating, bouts of depression, dizziness and sleep problems.