UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has warned that failure to cut emissions is putting the world on a catastrophic path of 2.7 degrees Celsius.
A United Nations report revealed the promises of 191 countries on greenhouse gas emissions, on Friday, that they would not meet the ambition of the Paris climate agreement to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial temperatures.
Instead, the report showed that “the world is on a catastrophic path to warming of 2.7 degrees Celsius,” Guterres said, Friday, in a statement weeks before the thorny climate talks.
He stressed that “failure to achieve this goal will be measured by the number of deaths and livelihoods destroyed,” calling on all governments to propose more ambitious commitments.
Under the Paris Agreement, each country must review its “Nationally Determined Contribution” by the end of 2020.
But as of July 30, only 113 countries representing less than half of global greenhouse gas emissions (49%) had made their revised commitments.
Based on the new commitments, emissions from this group of 113 countries, including the United States and the European Union, will decrease by 12 percent by 2030 compared to 2010. This represents a “ray of hope” that does not overshadow the “dark” side of the picture, according to the UN climate official. United by Patricia Espinosa.
“Overall, the figures for greenhouse gas emissions are going in the wrong direction,” Espinosa added.