Increasing the productivity of the acre is possible by following the recommendations of the agricultural extension
Farmers: The problems of its production are the increase in worms and falling leaves
The latest reports issued by the Central Administration of Orchards and Agricultural Crops revealed a package of advice and instructions that the Barchumi fig growers must follow in dealing with fig trees in terms of irrigation and fertilization methods, pest and insect resistance, and to increase the quality of production.
The Ministry of Agriculture is working to publish recommendations for farmers in the cultivation of the parsnip fig crop. For its part, the Agricultural Extension Sector announced some points prepared by the Horticultural Research Institute, which are maintaining regular irrigation during the fruiting season and paying attention to the cleanliness of points, filters and ends of lines, as well as getting rid of weeds on the farm and examining modern growths to resist piercing sucking insects. Spraying of micro-elements and anti-insect sprays for a sufficient period before collection in early varieties, and the beginning of collecting early fruits that show signs of maturity.
The sector emphasized collecting the fallen and fruit-fly-infested fruits and disposing of them by backfilling in the soil or getting rid of them by burning, and then stopping the fertilization before collecting the fruits for a sufficient period and returning again and fertilizing after the completion of the collection, as reducing or preventing nitrogen fertilization does not cause fruit fall or softness. Thus, there is no reduction in the quality of the fruits, as well as fertilization, irrigation and control operations to resist fungal, insect and animal diseases.
Ahmed Sayed, an agricultural investor and producer of Spanish fig seedlings, a type that tolerates storage, said he is planting 325 feddans of figs and aims to increase the feddans.
He stressed that fig trees are easy to plant and breed in home gardens, especially in the new desert areas, to withstand all the conditions of the region.
He said that the steps of planting the parchment fig trees and the cultivated varieties are the Sultani and it is called (Al Barshumi), and the rind of the fruit is brown and the flesh is red, and it is widespread in Egypt. Its trees are strong and do not tolerate high salinity. They are planted in areas of moisture as well as Al-Aboudi and its leaves are small, medium-sized fruits are spherical, the crust is thin, easy to separate, brown The color and the flesh are also red, like the bowl and the Aswany. It is red in Qena and Aswan. The leaves are medium in size. The fruits are large, pear, very sweet, and the rind of the fruit is yellowish green, as well as the amber and the rind has yellowish green. The leaves and small fruits are suitable for export, very sweet and suitable for drying as well, and the Black Mission, which is a type imported from California with a high rate The rind of the fruit tends to be black, very sweet, bears storage, tends to dry out.
Ahmed Sayed added that other varieties such as Oriantic, Dorito and Chondria have entered and achieved good results, and other varieties are still subject to experiments to be judged in the Egyptian environment, adding that the suitable lands are suitable for cultivation in most of the lands with good drainage and their trees bear drought and salinity.
Abdel Rahman Hassan, a farmer, said that there are some problems that the farmer faces in the fig tree during maturity and need cooperation and increased agricultural guidance, such as yellowing and falling of leaves due to the tree getting used to irrigation and then stopping it, and also the presence of salinity in the water or in the soil, which leads to that and in In this case, the tree is watered frequently until it regains its activity.
He added that there is another problem, which is worms and their spread in the ripe fruits and their destruction, and this is due to neglect in collecting the fruits, irregular irrigation or increased irrigation, and the failure to ventilate the tree so that the air and the sun can enter it. After that, the tree is cleaned daily of ripe fruits before destroying it and stopping the irrigation.
He said, the immaturity of the fruits is considered early and the fruits are withered after their ripening and falling. The main reason in this case is the high salinity of the soil, which causes the roots to erode and burn, and the solution is to water them abundantly until the roots return to normal.
The agricultural engineer, Osama Abdel-Hadi, indicated that there are rain-fed crops in Matrouh and Sinai, which give a good crop, and that its trees bear an increase in the proportion of calcium in the soil than other fruit crops such as Matrouh lands.
He said that he does not prefer planting figs in areas that are very cold in winter, but prefers to plant them in areas of warm winter with hot, humid summer, such as coastal areas. It can be stored upside down in trenches and covered with soil while constantly moistening it with water until the planting date in March. The planting may be done in the nursery provided that the whole cutting is buried in the soil and only one bud appears above the soil. The cuttings may be planted in permanent lands directly in small spaces for the place of care with preference Formation of an island group first in the nursery, then transfer to permanent lands in the following year, and the fig seedlings are transferred without any soil for cultivation.
Engineer Osama Abdel Hadi confirmed that figs are drought-tolerant trees that need regular irrigation, especially at the beginning of new growth and during periods of flowering and fruit growth, and its cultivation has spread with the drip irrigation method. Compost fertilizer because it is free from all weed seeds
After that, nitrogen fertilization is done with the beginning of the emergence of new growths, and the tree needs 100-500 grams of nitrogen throughout the season, depending on age, size and fruiting.
He added that there is potassium fertilization, which is necessary to improve the properties of the fruits, and the tree needs from 200 grams to 1000 grams of potassium sulfate annually, which is added in batches according to the irrigation method and the nature of the soil to increase the benefit from it. Agricultural sulfur every 3-4 years in winter service trenches.
For his part, Hussein Abu Saddam, head of the Farmers Syndicate, says that Egypt produces about 10% of the world’s production of figs, pointing out that the Matrouh governorate alone produces 80% of the total Egyptian production, with a production of up to 140,000 tons every year, from cultivating an area of up to 60 thousand acres.
Abdel Rahman added that despite the large production of Egyptian figs and their high quality, Egypt’s exports of figs are less than 1% of the world’s exports. Each year, the collection continues until November, when the fruits of figs do not ripen all at once, as some of the most famous varieties of the Barshumi fig in Egypt are Sultan, Bakoury, Hammouri and Al-Suwaidi.
Abdul Rahman pointed out that the fig crop needs intense care, and therefore the Ministry of Agriculture pays great attention to this crop and provides the necessary instructions to its farmers throughout the planting period and to the harvest period, explaining that the most important recommendations for farmers of parchment figs are moderation in irrigation operations, attention to the necessary fertilization, cleanliness of the farm from weeds and insect resistance. And get rid of damaged fruits outside the farm collect the ripe fruits first hand.