On this day of every year, the ninth of September, the farmers of Egypt celebrate the “Feast of the Farmer”, as this day was chosen for the issuance of the first agrarian reform law, Law 178 of 1952, after which 700,000 feddans were distributed to small farmers who practiced agriculture. They do not have any agricultural property.
The Agrarian Reform Law had set the ceiling for agricultural ownership, with the aim of achieving justice and equity for the farmers, and to activate the principle of eliminating feudalism, in an attempt by the July Revolution to restore the lost rights of the Egyptian peasant, who lived as a wage earner suffering from tyranny.
On this day, President Gamal Abdel Nasser distributed the ownership contracts of agricultural lands that were extracted from the feudal lords to small farmers at a rate of 5 feddans per farmer.
This holiday is celebrated in recognition of the importance of the “Egyptian farmer’s role” in agricultural development and the provision of food, as agriculture is one of the oldest professions in Pharaonic Egypt, which the Greek historian Herodotus considered “the gift of the Nile.” The Egyptian origin is a farmer.
The agricultural sector has recently witnessed a great development, within the framework of the state’s interest in this vital and important sector, which secures the food of the Egyptian people and supports the national economy, and out of the state’s keenness to improve this sector, and the conditions of the Egyptian farmer, through national agricultural projects, which President Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi gives Especially important since he took over the country.
President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi paid tribute to the Egyptian farmer on his feast day, “on which he won his independence, freedom, pride and dignity.”
The president stressed through his official accounts on social media: “We are very keen to support the farmer, and to harness all the necessary capabilities to provide him with a decent life. Egypt is the pyramids, Egypt the Suez Canal, and Egypt the High Dam, all of which owe the effort, sweat and genius of millions of farmers over the ages.”
Hussein Abu Saddam, head of the Farmers’ Syndicate, said that today is the 69th anniversary of the Farmer’s Day, which falls on the ninth of September, the day on which the Agricultural Reform Law was issued in 1952, stressing that this day the conditions of farmers changed for the better.
The head of the General Peasants Syndicate pointed out that the memorial of the Farmer’s Day coincides with the stand of the peasant leader Ahmed Orabi in front of Khedive Tawfiq on the ninth of September 1881. They were enslaved in the villages and worked for wages for the landlords before the agrarian reform laws returned the agricultural lands to the ownership of the real producers of the peasants.
Abu Saddam explained that radical changes occurred during those long years for farmers and for agriculture in general; Where the sons of peasants assumed the highest positions that were forbidden to them and obtained most of their stolen rights.
The head of the General Syndicate of Peasants added that farmers are now using modern and advanced farming methods, through modern irrigation methods, and advanced seeds and seeds that give multiple times the productivity of old seeds. She has become interested in villages as much as she is interested in cities, and she is interested in agricultural land, an interest that has never happened before, especially after President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi took over the affairs.
Hussein Abu Saddam continued, that the agricultural area increased after interest in horizontal expansion of agricultural land reclamation through giant national projects such as the New Delta Project and the 1.5 million feddan project, adding that financial support rose to livestock breeders through the national project to revive veal.
He pointed out that the paper possession turned into a mechanized possession of what is known as the smart card, and the local production of vegetable seeds was actually started in the national seed production project, and modern silos were established to preserve the grain, stressing that Egyptian agricultural exports rose to more than 5 million tons annually.
Abu Saddam continued, that the dream of farmers in legalizing lands for squatters was fulfilled, and the development of Egyptian villages was actually started as a tribute to the productive hands, and modern farming systems were introduced, such as the national project to cultivate 100,000 acres with the greenhouse system, with the start of activating the contract farming system in some crops.
The head of the Farmers Syndicate added that the state played an unprecedented role in the cultivation of fish and poultry, and actually started lining all canals and developing agricultural drainage.
The head of the Farmers’ Syndicate stressed that the farmers’ demands have not ended and they are persistently seeking to obtain their full rights. They are demanding the establishment of an Agricultural Solidarity Fund to compensate farmers in case they are harmed by any natural danger that harms their products, and they demand that the Farmer’s Day be a national holiday attended by the President, and the restructuring of agricultural guidance including Keeping pace with the current era, and seriously considering reducing electricity prices for agricultural production.
Hussein Abu Saddam continued, that the fertilizer distribution and support system be restructured, with the reformulation of agricultural textbooks to keep pace with the present and attention to agricultural schools, and the establishment of a national council for farmers that reports directly to the Presidency of the Republic, with the rapid adoption of the law of the professional union of farmers, and the work of international missions for farmers to see and keep pace with development agriculture in the developed countries.