Denial of health care, denial of access to medicines, denial of education, denial of housing, denial of electricity, denial of access to savings and deposits, denial of work… are all among the factors that led to the “doubling of the multidimensional poverty rate in Lebanon increased from 42% in 2019 to 82% of the total population in 2021. The number of the population suffering from multidimensional poverty reached approximately 4 million people, representing about one million families, including 77% of Lebanese families, which is equivalent to 745,000 Lebanese families. ». The tragic numbers were mentioned in a study prepared by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia-ESCWA under the title “Multidimensional Poverty in Lebanon: A Dire Reality and Unclear Prospects.” She stated that 74% of the population suffers from poverty, “the percentage was 55% in the previous year, and 28% in 2019”.
The concept of “multi-dimensional poverty” is not only limited to material poverty, or the level of income for the individual, but also includes other aspects of living that are essential for measuring the extent of poverty: education, health, public services, assets and property, work and income…. It was not financially poor. A family deprived of electricity, for example, can be classified as poor according to the concept of multidimensional poverty (…) and the percentage of families deprived of electricity has increased to 54%),” UN-ESCWA explains.
The serious issue is that the percentage of poor families deprived of health care increased from 9% in 2019 to 33% this year, “and it is feared that the situation will worsen if the subsidy is lifted, especially since 55% of the population is not covered by any form of health insurance.” . In addition, 52% of families are “unable to obtain medicine”. In the education sector, the multidimensional poverty rate is 63% in tertiary education and 87% “among students with the lowest levels of educational attainment”. The proportion of the elderly who suffer from multidimensional poverty increased from 44% in 2019 to 78% in 2021.
ESCWA recommends deducting 2% annually from the funds of wealthy individuals whose percentage does not exceed 10% of the population.
The multidimensional poverty rate in Lebanon has doubled, bringing with it the multidimensional extreme poverty rate to 34% of the total population, “that is, one million and 650 thousand people, equivalent to 400 thousand families.” Only 210 thousand families remain living in Lebanon that are not poor… “People with wealth in Lebanon, whose percentage does not exceed 10% of the total population, can pay the cost of eliminating poverty by providing annual contributions that do not exceed 2% of their wealth.”
Based on this, ESCWA recommends, in its study, the establishment of a national community solidarity fund, the development of effective plans for social protection, the strengthening and expansion of social protection systems to include the unemployed, support for locally made medicines, a plan to increase electricity production, support for renewable energy and the development of A national rescue plan for the advancement of the private sector.
The resignation of the state from exercising its role, the overthrow of the political authority, any attempt to put an end to the collapse, and the refusal to bear the costs to those who caused it, produced these figures. It is a non-military genocide being practiced against the population in Lebanon, particularly the poor and those who belonged to the middle class. All this in order to save the Banque du Liban, bank owners, monopolistic families, major depositors and everyone who benefited from the system.