The world’s largest Martian meteorite on display at an American museum

The world’s largest Martian meteorite on display at an American museum
The world’s largest Martian meteorite on display at an American museum

The Maine Museum of Minerals and Gemstones in Bethel, Minnesota, USA, revealed the world’s largest Martian meteorite, weighing 32 pounds (14.5 kilograms) and measuring 10 inches (25 centimeters) wide at its widest point. The museum includes nearly 6,000 rocks from outside the planet, including the largest piece of moon rock and the oldest igneous rock, formed from volcanic activity, in the solar system, and the Martian meteorite is the latest piece to be revealed by the museum.
The Martian meteorite fell to Earth after a comet or a large asteroid blew it off the surface of Mars, where Martian rocks can fall to Earth in the form of meteorites, and are uprooted from Mars during large and vital impact events, says Karl Agee, Director of the Institute of Meteorology at the University of New Mexico, in a report published yesterday by the Lass Science website.
“The Martian rock, called (Taudny 002), is by far the largest Martian meteorite that has ever fallen to Earth,” says Agee, who was involved in making sure that “the rock actually belongs to the red planet.” There are about 300 pieces known to belong to the rocks of Mars, totaling about 500 pounds (227 kg), however, collectors often break up the pieces that are found, into several pieces, to sell them separately, so the actual number of meteorites The known Martian values ​​on Earth range from 100 to 150,” Agee says. “After the strong impacts eject the rocks from Mars, they drift through space and eventually end up in a trans-Earth orbit around the Sun,” he adds.
A local meteorite collector discovered the Martian rock (Taudni 002), near a desert salt mine in Mali, before it was acquired by the world’s leading meteorite dealer Daryl Pitt, who sold it to the Maine Museum of Minerals and Gemstones last April, after he sent a sample small ones to aggie to confirm their origin. He says that “Martian meteorites have specific chemical signatures, and that the minerals and elements found in (Tawdney 002) exactly match the known Martian minerals.” He added that “the Martian meteorite is of the type (Chergotite), which is the main type of Martian meteorite, and it contains the minerals olivine, pyroxene and feldspar transformed by shocks, which were formed from the impact of the processes that led to the uprooting of that rock from Mars.”
Agee believes that it appears to have formed in a volcanic ring on Mars more than 100 million years ago, and fell to Earth perhaps in the past 100 years due to its well-preserved condition.

 
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